The Sanctity of the Day of Ashura
Allah, the Most Praised and the Most High, has stated in His Majestic Qur’an:
“The number of the months in the sight of Allah is twelve months. [They were already inscribed] in the Book of Allah on the day when He created the heavens and the earth; four of them are sacred” (9:36).
Muharram is one of these sacred months. This means that good deeds done in the month of Muharram are multiplied, and Allah will look upon us with Mercy and Forgiveness.
Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) is reported to have said with an authentic chain from Shaikh Abu Nasr Muhammad ibn al-Banna, “If someone observes a day of fasting during Muharram, for every such day he will be credited with thirty days.”
In addition, Hadrat Ali (رضي الله عنه) is reported to have said, “In Allah’s Sacred Month (al-Muharram), Allah has relented toward certain people, and He will also relent toward others.”
Even with all of these blessings within the month itself, Muharram is also blessed with the day of Ashura. Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم ), transmitted by Maimun ibn Mihran on the authority of Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنه ), is recorded to have said the following things about the day of Ashura.
On the day of Ashura:
The heavens were created
The mountains were created
The oceans were created
The Pen [Qalam] was created
The Tablet [Lawh] was created
Adam (Alayhis Salaam) was created
Adam (Alayhis Salaam) entered Jannah
Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam) was born
Allah delivered Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam) from the fiery furnace
Musa (Moses) (Alayhis Salaam) split the sea and Pharoah drowned
Ayyub (Job) (Alayhis Salaam) was relieved of his trials and tribulations
Allah (Exalted is He) relented toward Adam (Alayhis Salaam)
Allah forgave the sin of Dawud (David) (Alayhis Salaam)
Isa (Jesus) (Alayhis Salaam) was born
The Day of Judgement (Yowm al-Qiyamah) will occur
Jibrail (Alayhis Salaam) and the angels were created
The Heavenly Throne (Arsh) was created
Allah raised Idris (Alayhis Salaam) to heaven
Allah raised Isa (Alayhis Salaam) to heaven.
Allah granted kingship to Sulaiman (Solomon)
Also, Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) is reported to have said the following about the day of Ashura:
If someone fasts on the day of Ashura, they will be granted the spiritual reward of ten thousand angels, ten thousand martyrs, and ten thousand hajjis and visitants.
If someone strokes the head of an orphan with his hand, for every hair on the orphan’s head Allah will promote him by one degree in the Garden of Paradise.
If someone provides a meal to break a Muslim’s fast, it will be just as if the entire Ummah (Community) of Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم ) had broken fast as his guests, and had filled their stomachs to capacity.
If someone fasts, Allah will record in his favor the worshipful service (‘ibada) of sixty years devoted to fasting by day and keeping vigil by night.
If someone performs the major ritual ablution (ightasal), they will never experience any illness apart from the sickness of death.
If someone visits a sick person, it is just as they had visited all the children of Adam.
If someone gives a thirsty person a drink of water, it is just as if he had never disobeyed Allah for a single instant.
If someone treats his family (ahli-hi) with special generosity, Allah will treat that person with special generosity throughout the rest of the year.
These were reported on the authority of Ibn Abbas and other great companions.
This is an auspicious day, and we need to take advantage of it!
Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) wanted us to fast on the day of Ashura, among other things, as an honor to Prophet Musa (Alayhis Salaam). The Jews were fasting on that day as well; however, Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) said that we have a greater right over our Prophet, and commanded the Muslims to fast two days: the 10th and 9th of Muharram.
May Allah help us reap the blessings of Ashura!