Ummul Hatil Mu’mineen
The Ummul Hatil Mu’mineen, also known as the Azwaje Mutaharat, are the blessed wives of Rasulullah (ﷺ ). Allah has revealed ayat about their status, in Suratul Ahzaab ayahs 6, 32, and 53. As they are considered to be “The Mothers of the Believers,” as such, it is obligated that we show our utmost respect and love for them as this was the practice of Sahabah Karam as well.
It is reported that there are a total of eleven, two of which passed away before Rasulullah (ﷺ ) did.
Our mother’s names are:
Khadijah bint Khuwailad
She was the first wife of Rasulullah (ﷺ ). When he was married to her, he married no one else. They supported each other and loved each other deeply. Bibi Khadijah was a billionaire; however, she gave all her money to charity. She was so generous that she would often act as if she was healthy in front of Rasulullah (ﷺ ) even though she was ill from starvation just so he wouldn’t feel hurt. During the 3-year embargo on Rasulullah (ﷺ ) and his clan, Bibi Khadijah passed away from starvation, even though she supported and strengthed Rasulullah (ﷺ ) even with her final breaths. After she passed away, Rasulullah (ﷺ ) would often talk about her and treat her friends well in honor of her. Rasulullah (ﷺ ) said that the love of Khadijah was his rizq, wealth or worth, in this world! SubhanAllah a true love story!
Aisha bint Abu Bakr
She was the youngest of Rasulullah (ﷺ )’s wives. She was the daughter of Hadrat Abu Bakr, one of the greatest companions of Rasulullah (ﷺ ). Rasulullah (ﷺ ) took care of Aisha with great love and care, and it was through Bibi Aisha that many of our ahadith are narrated. It was through her narrations that we learned how Rasulullah (ﷺ ) was so kind to his wives, how he partook in completing the house work, and how he would even wash the dishes to let Bibi Aisha rest. Her status is further exemplified by the fact that Rasulullah (ﷺ ) passed away in her arms, in her home, tending to her husband’s need until his last breath.
Hafsa bint Umar
Bibi Hafsa was Hadrat Umar’s daughter, another of Rasulullah’s closest companions. Initially, she was widowed as her first husband passed away after participating in the battle of Badr. Rasulullah (ﷺ ) then married her to provide for her and ease her grief. She was truly the daughter of Hadrat Umar as she would fast often, read much Qur’an, and engage in lots of ibadat. She was recognized as a scholar of ahadith and fiqh as was extremely intelligent as well.
Umme Habiba bint Abu Sufyaan
Umme Habiba was the daughter of the leader of Mecca. She and her husband originally migrated to Habsha to preserve their faith in Islam, as they were early supporters of Islam; however, her husband lost his faith and drunk himself to death. Now, she was alone in a foreign land with no one to support her. Hearing her condition deeply concerned Rasulullah (ﷺ ) so he proposed to marry her. Umme Habiba went through many trials, but this shows how great her iman was. Even though her father was one of the biggest enemies of Islam before he converted, and her husband became misled and drank alcohol to death, she still held onto her faith in Allah and stayed optimistic. Allah rewarded her optimism and faith by giving her a better husband that will help her in this life and the hereafter: the Rasul of Allah (ﷺ ).
Umme Salmah bint Abu Umaya
Umme Salmah is also know as Hind. She and her husband embraced Islam early in the start of its mission, and participated in the hijra to Habsha. When they came back to Mecca and were prepared to make another hijra to Madinah Munawarra, they were stopped by the clan Umme Salmah belonged too. They didn’t want her to leave them and join Islam, so they made her and her child stay behind while her husband migrated to Madinah Munawarra. She was eventually able to convince them to let her join her husband in Madinah Shareef. After her husband passed away, Rasulullah (ﷺ ) married her to support her and her children. Umme Salmah was known for her beauty and intelligence. It’s said that she never gave an opinion except that which was correct.
Saudah bint Zam’ah
Bibi Saudah was the first person Rasulullah (ﷺ ) married after Bibi Khadijah passed away. Rasulullah (ﷺ ) was extremely saddened by her passing, so one companion suggested to him that he marry Bibi Saudah. Rasulullah (ﷺ ) had his daughters to care for, so having Bibi Saudah help him and support him would lighten his work load and give him time to steady his heart.
Zainab bint Jahsh
Bibi Zainab was originally married to Hadrat Zaid bin Haarith; however, although they both had much taqwa, they came from very different backgrounds. There was a large difference in personalities, and they could not live with each other any longer; they divorced. Rasulullah (ﷺ ) was disheartened by this, but he sent a proposal to Bibi Zainab to try and ease the trial she was going through. When Bibi Zainab discovered that the Best of Creation (ﷺ ) was proposing to her, she became extremely happy and prayed 2 nufl salaat. She made du’a to Allah that, “Oh Allah! Your beloved has sent me a proposal for marriage. If I am worthy of being his wife, then make my nikaah to him.”
Allah responded by revealing the ayat in the Qur’an, “Then when Zaid had accomplished his purpose with her, we gave her in your marriage” (33:37). Bibi Zainab was extremely generous and always gave sadaqah and charity. In addition, Bibi Zainab had the unique honor of being wed to Rasulullah (ﷺ ) through Allah Himself!
Maimoonah bint Haarith
Maimoonah means, “one that gives barakat.” Rasulullah (ﷺ ) himself gave her this name. Previously, it was Barah, “the virtuous person.” Bibi Maimoonah had many familial relations with other sahabah. In addition, her mother, Bibi Hind bin Auf, had 6 powerful and pious son-in-laws including: Rasulullah (ﷺ ), Mawla Ali, Hadrat Abu Bakr, Hadrat Hamza, Hadrat Abbas, and Hadrat Shadaad bin Al-Haad. Bibi Maimoonah had the honor of being the last of the Azwaaje Mutaharaat as Rasulullah (ﷺ ) did not marry anyone after her.
Zainab bint Khuzaimah
Bibi Zainab bint Kuzaimah was also know as the Mother of the Orphans, Ummul Masaakeen. She was also the step-sister of Bibi Maimoonah. Even in the era before Islam, she still fed and took much care of orphans. Her husband was martyred in the battle of Uhud so Rasulullah (ﷺ ) sent a proposal of marriage to her to support her; however, she passed away only 2-3 months later.
Juwairiyah bint Haarith
Bibi Juwairiyah was originally named Barah; however, it was changed to Juwairiyah, “small girl,” in order to emphasize humility. Bibi Juwairiyah once saw a dream that the moon was coming towards her from Madinah Munawara Shareef. The moon then fell onto her lap. At first, Bibi Juwairiyah was confused as to the meeting of the dream; however, 3 days later, Rasulullah (ﷺ ) proposed to her and the meaning became clear. She would often spend much of her time in ibadat, especially between Fajr and salatul Duha, reading dua’, and making dhikr.
Bibi Safiya is unique in two aspects in regards to the other Ummal Hatil Mu’mineen. The first is that she was not from the Quraysh tribe, nor was she from any other Arab tribe. She belonged to the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadeer. Rasulullah (ﷺ ) married Bibi Safiya after the battle with their tribe in order to ease relations. The second unique aspect is that she was related to Rasulullah (ﷺ ) by two ways. The first was as being his wife. The second was their relationship through Prophet Haroon (Alayhis Salaam). The people of the Banu Nadeer tribe were descendents of Prophet Haroon while Rasulullah (ﷺ ) was a descendent of Prophet Musa (Alayhis Salaam). Since Prophet Musa and Prophet Haroon were brothers, Bibi Safiya had a blood lineage with Rasulullah (ﷺ )! Rasulullah (ﷺ ) treated Bibi Safiya with great love and care to an extent where Bibi Aisha started to become jealous. Bibi Safiya was truly special.