All of Islam Shall Weep: Shahadat of ‘Umar
‘Umar al-Khatab is the second of the Khulafa Rashideen. He was known for his intense level of God-consciousness and his strictness in matters pertaining to holding onto the legacy of Rasulullah (ﷺ), Islam.
Although ‘Umar was strict in these matters, he had a soft heart as he would be light-hearted with his family. In fact, it was from ‘Umar that we first learned that faith is incomplete without total love and devotion to Rasulullah (ﷺ).
Hadrat ‘Umar’s role in Islam was a vital component in establishing an Ummah or community of Muslims. Only after ‘Umar al-Farooq accepted Islam were the Muslims able to pray and promote Islam on a public scale. His involvement in Islam remained even after the passing of Rasulullah (ﷺ) as he became the Caliph after Hadrat Abu Bakr As-Siddiq.
Hadrat ‘Umar used to be extremely careful when he was the Caliph and would spend the nights walking the streets to see if anyone was hungry or needed help. He couldn’t sleep with the possibility that someone of the community may fall asleep hungry under his command. This scrupulous undertaking remained with Hadrat ‘Umar for most of his life, including even in his passing breaths.
The day Hadrat ‘Umar became shaheed, he was leading prayer. As soon as he started, Abu Lu’lu’a came towards Hadrat ‘Umar and stabbed him with a two-pointed dagger. Hadrat ‘Umar then said that he had been slain, and Abu Lu’lu’a tried to escape, stabbing the Muslims he passed– stabbing 13 men of whom 9 or 7 died. When Abu Lu’lu’a was captured, he took his own life.
The sahaba quickly attended to Hadrat ‘Umar’s wounds and tried to give him some juice; however, as he drank it came out of his belly, and they knew ‘Umar’s time was coming near.
People came to visit Hadrat ‘Umar and speak to him. It was as if a disaster had afflicted the people that day. And even as Hadrat ‘Umar was slowly losing strength, he was still reminding the people to follow the commandments of Islam, even correcting his nephew by asking him to pull his garments up as they were hanging low.
Hadrat ‘Umar had one final thing on his mind. He wanted to be buried near his beloved (ﷺ), and so he sent a messenger to ask Bibi Aisha for permission to be buried next to Rasulullah (ﷺ). Bibi Aisha had wept as she said, “I had wanted to have that place for myself, but today I will certainly put him first.”
Hadrat ‘Umar was overjoyed at the news saying, “Nothing was more important to me then that.”
The companions then asked Hadrat ‘Umar to give his final injuctions, and he gave a list of candidates for the next Caliph including Hadrat Ali and Hadrat Usthman among others as well as giving advices in governing. The Commander of the Faithful then passed away, and was buried next to his beloved (ﷺ).
Hadrat Ali said of ‘Umar, “There is not a single man with whose works I should prefer to meet God then with yours. By God, I had already believed that God would set you with your two companions, for how often did I hear the Prophet (ﷺ) say, ‘I went with Abu Bakr and ‘Umar,’ and ‘I entered with Abu Bakr and ‘Umar,’ and ‘I went out with Abu Bakr and ‘Umar,’ so that I hoped, or suspected, that God would set you with them”.’
Rasulullah (ﷺ) was reported to have said, “Jibrael (A.S.) has told me that upon the death of ‘Umar all Islam shall weep.